Life for a termite begins at the fertilized egg, laid by a queen termite. These eggs are tiny, white and oval, and they look like seeds or grains of rice. Homeowners will not see these eggs, as they are laid deep within the tunnels of the colony, 4-18 inches underground or hidden within a wooden structure, like walls or furniture.

Queen Termites

The queen termite’s job is to lay eggs and grow the colony. Worker termites bring her food and care for her offspring from egg to maturity. In large colonies, secondary or tertiary reproductive alate termites may also assist with reproduction to keep up with the population needs of the nest.

The queen termite is capable of laying eggs continuously for her entire lifespan of up to ten years. The number of eggs she lays depend on the needs of the colony, the species of termite she belongs to and her age.


Termite eggs are moved to separate chambers in the colony to incubate for about two weeks until they hatch. Worker termites care for them and move the larvae to nursery chambers once they have hatched.